Huselid, R. F., & Cooper, M. L. (1994). Gender roles as mediators of sex differences in expressions of pathology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103(4), 595-603. doi:10.1037/0021-843X.103.4.595
This study tested the extent to which gender role attributes and gender role ideology account for sex differences in internally directed psychological distress and in externally directed deviant behavior in a random sample of 2,013 adolescents. Results indicate that gender roles substantially mediate sex differences in both types of pathology: Masculine instrumental attributes reduce internalized distress, whereas feminine expressive attributes reduce externalized behavior problems.
Apfelbaum, E. P., Pauker, K., Sommers, S. R., & Amdady, N. (2010). In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality? Psychological Science, 21(11), 1587-1592.
Article Description: Researchers explain and expose the color-blind mindset to managing diversity to a sample of elementary-school students who were placed into 2 conditions (color-blind and value diversity).
Stewart, T. L., Latu, I. M., Branscombe, N. R., Denney, H. T. (2010) Yes We Can! Prejudice Reduction Through Seeing (Inequality) and Believing (in Social Change). Psychological Science, 21(11), 1557-1562.
Article Description: Authors investigate by experimentally varying feedback while investigating perception of efficacy to reduce racial inequality (in the context of increased awareness of illegitimate in-group advantages) on White Americans’ intergroup attitudes and antidiscrimination behavior.
Fraga, E. D., Atkinson, D. R., & Wampold, B. E. (2004). Ethnic group preferences for multicultural counseling competencies. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 10(1), 53-65. doi:10.1037/1099-9809.10.1.53
Article Description: Undergraduate students were surveyed using a paired-comparison format to determine preferences for the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 11 knowledges, and 11 skills identified by D. W. Sue, P. Arredondo, and R. J. McDavis (1992) as characteristics of the competent multicultural counselor. Results indicated that preferences for 5 of the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 5 of the 11 knowledges, and 7 of the 11 skills competencies varied as a function of race/ethnicity.
Owen, J., Leach, M. M., Wampold, B., & Rodolfa, E. (2011). Client and therapist variability in clients' perceptions of their therapists' multicultural competencies. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(1), 1-9. doi:10.1037/a0021496
Article Description: This study examined therapist differences in their clients’ ratings of their therapists’ multicultural competencies (MCCs) as well as tested whether therapists’ who were rated as exhibiting more MCCs also had clients who had better therapy outcomes. Results demonstrated that therapists accounted for less than 1% of the variance in their clients’ Cross-Cultural Counseling Inventory–Revised (CCCI-R; T. D. LaFromboise, H. L. K. Coleman, & A. Hernandez, 1991) scores, suggesting that therapists did not differ in terms of how clients rated their MCCs. Therapists accounted for approximately 8.5% of the variance in therapy outcomes.
Fulmer, A. C., Gelfand, M. J., Kruglanski, A. W., Kim-Prieto, C., Diener, E., Pierro, A., & Higgins, E. T. (2010). On “Feeling Right” in Cultural Contexts: How Person-Culture Match Affects Self-Esteem and Subjective Well-Being. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1563-1569.
Article Description: This research report discusses 2 studies that explore how the interaction of individual- and cultural-level personality affects self-esteem and well-being.
Wampold, B. E. (2007). Psychotherapy: The humanistic (and effective) treatment. American Psychologist, 62(8), 857-873. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.62.8.857
Article Description: Common factors research. Psychotherapy is compared with medicine and cultural healing practices to argue that critical aspects of psychotherapy involve human processes that are used in religious, spiritual, and cultural healing practices. A model of psychotherapy is presented that stipulates various aspects that involve uniquely human characteristics. Central to this model is patient acquisition of an adaptive explanation of his or her difficulties.
Carr, P. B., & Steele, C. M. (2010). Stereotype Threat Affects Financial Decision Making. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1411-1416.
Article Description: Authors review in this research report 3 studies that provide evidence that one’s decision-making can be influenced by concerns about stereotypes and the devaluation of one’s identity.
Coleman, H., Casali, S., & Wampold, B. (2001). Adolescent strategies for coping with cultural diversity. Journal of Counseling and Development : JCD, 79(3), 356-364.
Article Description: Investigates how adolescents react and cope when faced with situations in which they are in contact with another cultural subgroup. Uses the Coping with Cultural Diversity Scale (CCDS) to assess participants on six strategies they might used when navigating immigration, etc. including acculturation. Results suggest that the process of affiliating with one culture is qualitatively different than navigating more than one culture. Context-specific use of strategies is also explored.
Hall, G. C. N. (2001). Psychotherapy research with ethnic minorities: Empirical, ethical, and conceptual issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69(3), 502-510. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.69.3.502
Article Description: There is an increasing demand for psychotherapy among ethnic minority populations. Yet, there is not adequate evidence that empirically supported therapies (ESTs) are effective with ethnic minorities. Ethical guidelines suggest that psychotherapies be modified to become culturally appropriate for ethnic minority persons. Conceptual approaches have identified interdependence, spirituality, and discrimination as considerations for culturally sensitive therapy (CST). However, there is no more empirical support for the efficacy of CSTs than there is for the efficacy of ESTs with ethnic minority populations. The chasm between EST and CST research is a function of differences between methods and researchers in these 2 traditions. Specific recommendations for research collaboration between CST and EST researchers are offered.
Friedman, H. (2006). The Renewal of Psychedelic Research: Implications for Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology. The Humanistic Psychologist. 34(1): 39–58
Article Description: The author provides a history of psychedelics in research with implications for facilitating humanistic and transpersonal growth.
Erdwins, C., Buffardi, L., Casper, W., & O'Brien, A. (2001). The relationship of women's role strain to social support, role satisfaction, and self-efficacy. Family Relations, 50(3), 230-238.
Article Description: 129 married, employed women with at least one preschool-aged child reported on self efficacy, social support, role satisfaction, and role strain. Self-efficacy and parental roles were predictors of women’s work-family conflict and role overload, respectively. Spousal and supervisor support accounted for significant variation in work-life conflict as well.
Blount, H. G. (1979). The existential psychotherapy of phobias. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 16(3), 282-285. doi:10.1037/h0085890
Article Description: Existential psychotherapy process of phobias. Article proposes a five stage treatment model and concludes with a case study.
Rogers, C. R. (1955). Persons or science? A philosophical question. American Psychologist, 10(7), 267-278. doi:10.1037/h0040999
Article Description: Commentary on the struggle between therapist as scientist (or scientifically minded) and therapist as an empathic person. Rogers bases his information from his own struggle to integrate the two concepts.
Kuhn, G., Kourkoulou, A., & Leekam, S.R. (2010) How Magic Changes our Expectations About Autism. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1487-1493.
The vanishing ball illusion is used with comparison groups of individuals with Autism with typically developing individuals. Authors explain how findings oppose their theory using data from eye tracking.
Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (1996). Pathways to change in the psychotherapy of depression: Relating process to session change and outcome. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, and Training, 33(2), 262-274. doi:10.1037/0033-3184.108.40.2062
Article Description: This study identified a pathway from in session process, and problem resolution, to post session change and final outcome. Two brief treatments for depression, one using client-centered (CC) and the other process-experiential (PE) interventions were compared on client process and outcome. The PE group showed significantly higher levels of experiencing, vocal quality and expressive stance, and greater problem resolution than the CC group in two of three PE interventions that were studied. Clients' Degree of Problem Resolution (DRS) correlated significantly with depth of experiencing, and sustained resolution over treatment resulted in better outcome.
Shechtman, Z., & Pastor, R. (2005). Cognitive-behavioral and humanistic group treatment for children with learning disabilities: A comparison of outcomes and process. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 322-336. doi:10.1037/0022-0220.127.116.112
Article Description: The authors of this study examined the outcomes and processes of 2 types of group treatment— cognitive– behavioral treatment groups (CBTG) and humanistic group therapy. Results indicated that the addition of either type of group treatment to individual academic assistance was more effective than the latter alone on most measures. In fact, on the majority of measures, group treatment without academic assistance was more effective than just individual assistance. Finally, HGT was more effective than CBTG on most measures.
Bartz, J. A., Zaki, J., Golger, N., Hollander, E., Ludwig, N. N., Kolevzon, A., & Ochsner, K.N. (2010) Oxytocin Selectively Improves Empathic Accuracy. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1426-1428.
Article Description: Authors randomly assign 27 men in two groups, experimental and placebo, to assess the effects of intranasal Oxytocin on empathic accuracy.
Elliott, R., Bohart, A. C., Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (2011). Empathy. Psychotherapy, 48(1), 43-49. doi:10.1037/a0022187
Article Description: Explores definition and measurement of empathy. Article also discusses empathy as it relates to psychotherapy outcome. Results suggest that empathy is a moderately strong predictor of psychotherapy outcome.
Rogers, C. M., Smith, M. D., & Coleman, J. M. (1978). Social comparison in the classroom: The relationship between academic achievement and self-concept. Journal of Educational Psychology, 70(1), 50-57. doi:10.1037/0022-0618.104.22.168
Article Description: One hypothesis derived from social comparison theory is that the relationship between academic achievement and self-concept can best be understood in terms of the child's achievement standing compared with that of classmates. When relative within-classroom achievement standing was not considered, reading achievement was not significantly related to self-concept, although mathematics achievement was. When relative within-classroom achievement standing was considered, both reading and math achievement were found to be significantly related to self-concept