Complimentary Research Methods in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Case for Methodological Pluralism

Davis, J. (2009) Complementary Research Methods in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Case for Methodological Pluralism. The Humanistic Psychologist, 37: 4-23.

 

Article Description: This article reviews the underpinnings of Humanistic and Transpersonal Theories in psychological research methods, natural science and human science.

Additional Info

  • Author Davis
  • Date 2009
  • Keywords Research Methods, Transpersonal Psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

Warding off the Evil Eye: When the Fear of Being Envied Increases Prosocial Behavior

Van de Ven, N., Zeelenberg, M., & Pieters, R. (2010). Warding Off the Evil Eye: When the Fear of Being Envied Increases Prosocial Behavior. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1671-1677.

 

Article Description: In 3 experiments, with samples consisting of Dutch participants who were placed in either experimental or control groups, authors explore the idea that the “better off” act more prosocially as an appeasement strategy.

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The Concept of the Fully Functioning Person

Rogers, C. R. (1963). The concept of the fully functioning person. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 1(1), 17-26. doi:10.1037/h0088567

 

Article Description: From a humanistic perspective, answers the questions of: If we were as successful as therapists as we could wish to be, what sort of persons would have developed in our therapy? What is the hypothetical end-point, the ultimate, of the therapeutic process?

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1963
  • Keywords Person Centered, Psychotherapy, Psychotherapy Outcome
  • Journal Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice

Ethnic Group Preferences for Multicultural Counseling Competencies

Fraga, E. D., Atkinson, D. R., & Wampold, B. E. (2004). Ethnic group preferences for multicultural counseling competencies. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 10(1), 53-65. doi:10.1037/1099-9809.10.1.53

 

Article Description: Undergraduate students were surveyed using a paired-comparison format to determine preferences for the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 11 knowledges, and 11 skills identified by D. W. Sue, P. Arredondo, and R. J. McDavis (1992) as characteristics of the competent multicultural counselor.  Results indicated that preferences for 5 of the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 5 of the 11 knowledges, and 7 of the 11 skills competencies varied as a function of race/ethnicity.

Additional Info

  • Author Fraga Atkinson Wampold
  • Date 2004
  • Keywords diversity, multicultural competencies, counselor training
  • Journal Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology

Psychotherapy Research with Ethnic Minorities: Empirical, Ethical, and Conceptual Issues

Hall, G. C. N. (2001). Psychotherapy research with ethnic minorities: Empirical, ethical, and conceptual issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69(3), 502-510. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.69.3.502

 

Article Description: There is an increasing demand for psychotherapy among ethnic minority populations. Yet, there is not adequate evidence that empirically supported therapies (ESTs) are effective with ethnic minorities. Ethical guidelines suggest that psychotherapies be modified to become culturally appropriate for ethnic minority persons. Conceptual approaches have identified interdependence, spirituality, and discrimination as considerations for culturally sensitive therapy (CST). However, there is no more empirical support for the efficacy of CSTs than there is for the efficacy of ESTs with ethnic minority populations. The chasm between EST and CST research is a function of differences between methods and researchers in these 2 traditions. Specific recommendations for research collaboration between CST and EST researchers are offered.

Additional Info

  • Author Hall
  • Date 2001
  • Keywords diversity, multicultural competencies, counselor training
  • Journal Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Adolescent Strategies for Coping with Cultural Diversity

Coleman, H., Casali, S., & Wampold, B. (2001). Adolescent strategies for coping with cultural diversity. Journal of Counseling and Development : JCD, 79(3), 356-364.

Article Description: Investigates how adolescents react and cope when faced with situations in which they are in contact with another cultural subgroup.  Uses the Coping with Cultural Diversity Scale (CCDS) to assess participants on six strategies they might used when navigating immigration, etc. including acculturation.  Results suggest that the process of affiliating with one culture is qualitatively different than navigating more than one culture.  Context-specific use of strategies is also explored. 

Additional Info

  • Author Coleman Casali Wampold
  • Date 2001
  • Keywords diversity, therapy with children and adolescents
  • Journal Journal of Counseling and Development

Client and Therapist Variability in Clients' Perceptions of their Therapists' Multicultural Competencies

Owen, J., Leach, M. M., Wampold, B., & Rodolfa, E. (2011). Client and therapist variability in clients' perceptions of their therapists' multicultural competencies. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(1), 1-9. doi:10.1037/a0021496

 

Article Description: This study examined therapist differences in their clients’ ratings of their therapists’ multicultural competencies (MCCs) as well as tested whether therapists’ who were rated as exhibiting more MCCs also had clients who had better therapy outcomes.  Results demonstrated that therapists accounted for less than 1% of the variance in their clients’ Cross-Cultural Counseling Inventory–Revised (CCCI-R; T. D. LaFromboise, H. L. K. Coleman, & A. Hernandez, 1991) scores, suggesting that therapists did not differ in terms of how clients rated their MCCs. Therapists accounted for approximately 8.5% of the variance in therapy outcomes.

Additional Info

  • Author Owen Leach Wampold Rodolfa
  • Date 2011
  • Keywords Diversity, Multicultural Competencies, Counselor Training
  • Journal Journal of Counseling Psychology

Clientcentered Theory

Rogers, C. R. (1956). Clientcentered theory. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 3(2), 115-120. doi:10.1037/h0046548

 

Article Description: Case study of an antisocial patient from a client-centered approach.  In the application of client-centered therapy, Rogers discusses how his approach facilitates growth.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1956
  • Keywords Person Centered
  • Journal Journal of Counseling Psychology

Cognitive-Behavioral and Humanistic Group Treatment for Children with Learning Disabilities: A Comparison of Outcomes and Process

Shechtman, Z., & Pastor, R. (2005). Cognitive-behavioral and humanistic group treatment for children with learning disabilities: A comparison of outcomes and process. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 322-336. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.322

 

Article Description: The authors of this study examined the outcomes and processes of 2 types of group treatment— cognitive– behavioral treatment groups (CBTG) and humanistic group therapy.  Results indicated that the addition of either type of group treatment to individual academic assistance was more effective than the latter alone on most measures. In fact, on the majority of measures, group treatment without academic assistance was more effective than just individual assistance. Finally, HGT was more effective than CBTG on most measures.

Additional Info

  • Author Schechtman Pastor
  • Date 2005
  • Keywords Cognitive-Behavioral, Group Psychotherapy, Learning Disbility, Psychotherapy Outcomes
  • Journal Psychological Science

Pathways to Change in the Psychotherapy of Depression: Relating Process to Session Change and Outcome

Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (1996). Pathways to change in the psychotherapy of depression: Relating process to session change and outcome. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, and Training, 33(2), 262-274. doi:10.1037/0033-3204.33.2.262

 

Article Description: This study identified a pathway from in session process, and problem resolution, to post session change and final outcome. Two brief treatments for depression, one using client-centered (CC) and the other process-experiential (PE) interventions were compared on client process and outcome. The PE group showed significantly higher levels of experiencing, vocal quality and expressive stance, and greater problem resolution than the CC group in two of three PE interventions that were studied. Clients' Degree of Problem Resolution (DRS) correlated significantly with depth of experiencing, and sustained resolution over treatment resulted in better outcome.

Additional Info

  • Author Watson Greenberg
  • Date 1996
  • Keywords Depression, Psychotherapy Outcomes
  • Journal Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, and Training

Yes We Can! Prejudice Reduction Through Seeing (Inequality) and Believing (in Social Change)

Stewart, T. L., Latu, I. M., Branscombe, N. R., Denney, H. T. (2010) Yes We Can! Prejudice Reduction Through Seeing (Inequality) and Believing (in Social Change). Psychological Science, 21(11), 1557-1562.

 

Article Description: Authors investigate by experimentally varying feedback while investigating perception of efficacy to reduce racial inequality (in the context of increased awareness of illegitimate in-group advantages) on White Americans’ intergroup attitudes and antidiscrimination behavior.

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Relational Mobility Explains Between- and Within-Culture Differences in Self-Disclosure to Close Friends

Schug, J., Yuki, M., & Maddux, W. (2010) Relational mobility Explains Between- and Within-culture Differences in Self-Disclosure to Close Friends. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1471-1478.

 

Article Description: Authors explore predictors and mediators in social relationships that promote self-disclosure in Japan

Additional Info

  • Author Schug Yuki Maddux
  • Date 2010
  • Keywords Diversity, Psychotherapy
  • Journal Psychological Science

In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality?

Apfelbaum, E. P., Pauker, K., Sommers, S. R., & Amdady, N. (2010).  In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality? Psychological Science, 21(11), 1587-1592.

 

Article Description: Researchers explain and expose the color-blind mindset to managing diversity to a sample of elementary-school students who were placed into 2 conditions (color-blind and value diversity).

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In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality?

Researchers explain and expose the color-blind mindset to managing diversity to a sample of elementary-school students who were placed into 2 conditions (color-blind and value diversity).

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The Relationship of Women's Role Strain to Social Support, Role Satisfaction, and Self-Efficacy

Erdwins, C., Buffardi, L., Casper, W., & O'Brien, A. (2001). The relationship of women's role strain to social support, role satisfaction, and self-efficacy. Family Relations, 50(3), 230-238.

 

Article Description: 129 married, employed women with at least one preschool-aged child reported on self efficacy, social support, role satisfaction, and role strain. Self-efficacy and parental roles were predictors of women’s work-family conflict and role overload, respectively.  Spousal and supervisor support accounted for significant variation in work-life conflict as well.

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The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Therapeutic Personality Change

Rogers, C. R. (1957). The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 21(2), 95-103. doi:10.1037/h0045357

 

Article Description: Seminal article in which Rogers describes his conditions of change that have become the tenets of person centered therapy/theory.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1957
  • Keywords Person Centered, Psychotherapy
  • Journal Journal of Consulting Psychology

Psychotherapy: The Humanistic (and Effective) Treatment

Wampold, B. E. (2007). Psychotherapy: The humanistic (and effective) treatment. American Psychologist, 62(8), 857-873. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.62.8.857

 

Article Description: Common factors research.  Psychotherapy is compared with medicine and cultural healing practices to argue that critical aspects of psychotherapy involve human processes that are used in religious, spiritual, and cultural healing practices. A model of psychotherapy is presented that stipulates various aspects that involve uniquely human characteristics. Central to this model is patient acquisition of an adaptive explanation of his or her difficulties.

Additional Info

  • Author Wampold
  • Date 2007
  • Keywords Evidence-Based Practice, Psychotherapy Outcomes, Common Factors
  • Journal American Psychologist

Reactions of Women to Nonsexist and Feminist Counseling: Effects of Counselor Orientation and Mode of Information Delivery

Hackett, G., Enns, C. Z., & Zetzer, H. A. (1992). Reactions of women to nonsexist and feminist counseling: Effects of counselor orientation and mode of information delivery. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 39(3), 321-330. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.39.3.321

 

Article Description: Conflicting findings in the research on women's reactions to feminist counseling and therapy were investigated. Feminist and nonfeminist college women were exposed to nonsexist/ humanistic, liberal feminist, or radical feminist counseling. Participants' perceptions of the liberal feminist counselor were significantly more positive than perceptions of either the nonsexist or the radical feminist counselor

Additional Info

The Process of Therapy

Rogers, C. R. (1992). The processes of therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60(2), 163-164. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.60.2.163 (reprinted from original article published in the 1940s)

Reprint of Rogers’ initial article in which he discuses the process of therapy that is at the core of humanistic/person-centered theory.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1992
  • Keywords Person Centered, Counselor Training
  • Journal Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Humanistic and Positive Psychology: The Methodological and Epistemological Divide

Friedman, H. (2008) Humanistic and Positive Psychology: The Methodological and Epistemological Divide. Humanistic Psychologist, 36: 113-126.

 

Article Description: Author reviews methodological and epistemological similarities and differences between humanistic and positive psychology.

Additional Info

  • Author Friedman
  • Date 2008
  • Keywords Positive Psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

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