Yes We Can! Prejudice Reduction Through Seeing (Inequality) and Believing (in Social Change)

Stewart, T. L., Latu, I. M., Branscombe, N. R., Denney, H. T. (2010) Yes We Can! Prejudice Reduction Through Seeing (Inequality) and Believing (in Social Change). Psychological Science, 21(11), 1557-1562.

 

Article Description: Authors investigate by experimentally varying feedback while investigating perception of efficacy to reduce racial inequality (in the context of increased awareness of illegitimate in-group advantages) on White Americans’ intergroup attitudes and antidiscrimination behavior.

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Psychotherapy Research with Ethnic Minorities: Empirical, Ethical, and Conceptual Issues

Hall, G. C. N. (2001). Psychotherapy research with ethnic minorities: Empirical, ethical, and conceptual issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69(3), 502-510. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.69.3.502

 

Article Description: There is an increasing demand for psychotherapy among ethnic minority populations. Yet, there is not adequate evidence that empirically supported therapies (ESTs) are effective with ethnic minorities. Ethical guidelines suggest that psychotherapies be modified to become culturally appropriate for ethnic minority persons. Conceptual approaches have identified interdependence, spirituality, and discrimination as considerations for culturally sensitive therapy (CST). However, there is no more empirical support for the efficacy of CSTs than there is for the efficacy of ESTs with ethnic minority populations. The chasm between EST and CST research is a function of differences between methods and researchers in these 2 traditions. Specific recommendations for research collaboration between CST and EST researchers are offered.

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  • Author Hall
  • Date 2001
  • Keywords diversity, multicultural competencies, counselor training
  • Journal Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

How Magic Changes our Expectations about Autism

Kuhn, G., Kourkoulou, A., & Leekam, S.R. (2010) How Magic Changes our Expectations About Autism.  Psychological Science, 21(10), 1487-1493.

 

The vanishing ball illusion is used with comparison groups of individuals with Autism with typically developing individuals.  Authors explain how findings oppose their theory using data from eye tracking.

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Cognitive-Behavioral and Humanistic Group Treatment for Children with Learning Disabilities: A Comparison of Outcomes and Process

Shechtman, Z., & Pastor, R. (2005). Cognitive-behavioral and humanistic group treatment for children with learning disabilities: A comparison of outcomes and process. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 322-336. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.322

 

Article Description: The authors of this study examined the outcomes and processes of 2 types of group treatment— cognitive– behavioral treatment groups (CBTG) and humanistic group therapy.  Results indicated that the addition of either type of group treatment to individual academic assistance was more effective than the latter alone on most measures. In fact, on the majority of measures, group treatment without academic assistance was more effective than just individual assistance. Finally, HGT was more effective than CBTG on most measures.

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  • Author Schechtman Pastor
  • Date 2005
  • Keywords Cognitive-Behavioral, Group Psychotherapy, Learning Disbility, Psychotherapy Outcomes
  • Journal Psychological Science

Reactions of Women to Nonsexist and Feminist Counseling: Effects of Counselor Orientation and Mode of Information Delivery

Hackett, G., Enns, C. Z., & Zetzer, H. A. (1992). Reactions of women to nonsexist and feminist counseling: Effects of counselor orientation and mode of information delivery. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 39(3), 321-330. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.39.3.321

 

Article Description: Conflicting findings in the research on women's reactions to feminist counseling and therapy were investigated. Feminist and nonfeminist college women were exposed to nonsexist/ humanistic, liberal feminist, or radical feminist counseling. Participants' perceptions of the liberal feminist counselor were significantly more positive than perceptions of either the nonsexist or the radical feminist counselor

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The Existential Therapy of Phobias

Blount, H. G. (1979). The existential psychotherapy of phobias. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 16(3), 282-285. doi:10.1037/h0085890

 

Article Description: Existential psychotherapy process of phobias.  Article proposes a five stage treatment model and concludes with a case study.

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  • Author Blount
  • Date 1979
  • Keywords Existential
  • Journal Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice

Clientcentered Theory

Rogers, C. R. (1956). Clientcentered theory. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 3(2), 115-120. doi:10.1037/h0046548

 

Article Description: Case study of an antisocial patient from a client-centered approach.  In the application of client-centered therapy, Rogers discusses how his approach facilitates growth.

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  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1956
  • Keywords Person Centered
  • Journal Journal of Counseling Psychology

The Relationship of Women's Role Strain to Social Support, Role Satisfaction, and Self-Efficacy

Erdwins, C., Buffardi, L., Casper, W., & O'Brien, A. (2001). The relationship of women's role strain to social support, role satisfaction, and self-efficacy. Family Relations, 50(3), 230-238.

 

Article Description: 129 married, employed women with at least one preschool-aged child reported on self efficacy, social support, role satisfaction, and role strain. Self-efficacy and parental roles were predictors of women’s work-family conflict and role overload, respectively.  Spousal and supervisor support accounted for significant variation in work-life conflict as well.

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Warding off the Evil Eye: When the Fear of Being Envied Increases Prosocial Behavior

Van de Ven, N., Zeelenberg, M., & Pieters, R. (2010). Warding Off the Evil Eye: When the Fear of Being Envied Increases Prosocial Behavior. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1671-1677.

 

Article Description: In 3 experiments, with samples consisting of Dutch participants who were placed in either experimental or control groups, authors explore the idea that the “better off” act more prosocially as an appeasement strategy.

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Client and Therapist Variability in Clients' Perceptions of their Therapists' Multicultural Competencies

Owen, J., Leach, M. M., Wampold, B., & Rodolfa, E. (2011). Client and therapist variability in clients' perceptions of their therapists' multicultural competencies. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(1), 1-9. doi:10.1037/a0021496

 

Article Description: This study examined therapist differences in their clients’ ratings of their therapists’ multicultural competencies (MCCs) as well as tested whether therapists’ who were rated as exhibiting more MCCs also had clients who had better therapy outcomes.  Results demonstrated that therapists accounted for less than 1% of the variance in their clients’ Cross-Cultural Counseling Inventory–Revised (CCCI-R; T. D. LaFromboise, H. L. K. Coleman, & A. Hernandez, 1991) scores, suggesting that therapists did not differ in terms of how clients rated their MCCs. Therapists accounted for approximately 8.5% of the variance in therapy outcomes.

Additional Info

  • Author Owen Leach Wampold Rodolfa
  • Date 2011
  • Keywords Diversity, Multicultural Competencies, Counselor Training
  • Journal Journal of Counseling Psychology

Gender in Lesbian Relationships: Cultural, feminist, and Constructivist Reflections

Laird, J. (2000). Gender in lesbian relationships: Cultural, feminist, and constructionist reflections. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 26(4), 455-67.

 

Article Description: Author reviews the literature on integrating lesbian culture into more traditional couples narratives and proposes a model for practice that merges feminist, constructivist, and narrative approaches.

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  • Author Laird
  • Date 2000
  • Keywords Diversity, Feminism, LGBTQ
  • Journal Journal of Marital and Family Therapy

Creativity and Encounter

May, R. (1964). Creativity and encounter. American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 24(1), 39-45.

 

Article Description: Author proposes his own theory and commentary about the creative process

Additional Info

  • Author May
  • Date 1964
  • Keywords Creativity, Existential
  • Journal American Journal of Psychoanalysis

Complimentary Research Methods in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Case for Methodological Pluralism

Davis, J. (2009) Complementary Research Methods in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Case for Methodological Pluralism. The Humanistic Psychologist, 37: 4-23.

 

Article Description: This article reviews the underpinnings of Humanistic and Transpersonal Theories in psychological research methods, natural science and human science.

Additional Info

  • Author Davis
  • Date 2009
  • Keywords Research Methods, Transpersonal Psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

Social Class, Contextualism, and Empathic Accuracy

Kraus, M. W., Cote, S., & Keltner, D. (2010). Social Class, Contextualism, and Empathic Accuracy. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1716-1723.

 

Article Description: In 3 studies, authors discuss and test their hypothesis based on recent research suggesting that individuals of a lower social class favor explanations of personal and political outcomes that are oriented to features of the external environment.

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  • Author Kraus Cote Keltner
  • Date 2010
  • Keywords Diversity, Liberation Psychology
  • Journal Psychological Science

The Renewal of Psychedelic Research: Implications for Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology

Friedman, H. (2006). The Renewal of Psychedelic Research: Implications for Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology.  The Humanistic Psychologist. 34(1): 39–58

 

Article Description: The author provides a history of psychedelics in research with implications for facilitating humanistic and transpersonal growth.

Additional Info

  • Author Friedman
  • Date 2008
  • Keywords transpersonal psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

Humanistic and Positive Psychology: The Methodological and Epistemological Divide

Friedman, H. (2008) Humanistic and Positive Psychology: The Methodological and Epistemological Divide. Humanistic Psychologist, 36: 113-126.

 

Article Description: Author reviews methodological and epistemological similarities and differences between humanistic and positive psychology.

Additional Info

  • Author Friedman
  • Date 2008
  • Keywords Positive Psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

Oxytocin Selectively Improves Empathic Accuracy

Bartz, J. A., Zaki, J., Golger, N., Hollander, E., Ludwig, N. N., Kolevzon, A., & Ochsner, K.N. (2010) Oxytocin Selectively Improves Empathic Accuracy. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1426-1428.

 

Article Description: Authors randomly assign 27 men in two groups, experimental and placebo, to assess the effects of intranasal Oxytocin on empathic accuracy.

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Empathy

Elliott, R., Bohart, A. C., Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (2011). Empathy. Psychotherapy, 48(1), 43-49. doi:10.1037/a0022187

 

Article Description: Explores definition and measurement of empathy.  Article also discusses empathy as it relates to psychotherapy outcome.  Results suggest that empathy is a moderately strong predictor of psychotherapy outcome.

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Stereotype Threat Affects Financial Decision-Making

Carr, P. B., & Steele, C. M. (2010). Stereotype Threat Affects Financial Decision Making. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1411-1416.


Article Description: Authors review in this research report 3 studies that provide evidence that one’s decision-making can be influenced by concerns about stereotypes and the devaluation of one’s identity.

Additional Info

  • Author Carr Steele
  • Date 2010
  • Keywords diversity
  • Journal Psychological Science

Some Observations on the Organization of Personality

Rogers, C. R. (1947). Some observations on the organization of personality. American Psychologist, 2(9), 358-368. doi:10.1037/h0060883

 

Article Description: Based on the notion that processes are better understood when they are directly observed, Rogers presents his observational material on personality.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1947
  • Keywords Person Centered, Personality
  • Journal American Psychologist

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