Humanistic and Positive Psychology: The Methodological and Epistemological Divide

Friedman, H. (2008) Humanistic and Positive Psychology: The Methodological and Epistemological Divide. Humanistic Psychologist, 36: 113-126.

 

Article Description: Author reviews methodological and epistemological similarities and differences between humanistic and positive psychology.

Additional Info

  • Author Friedman
  • Date 2008
  • Keywords Positive Psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

Pathways to Change in the Psychotherapy of Depression: Relating Process to Session Change and Outcome

Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (1996). Pathways to change in the psychotherapy of depression: Relating process to session change and outcome. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, and Training, 33(2), 262-274. doi:10.1037/0033-3204.33.2.262

 

Article Description: This study identified a pathway from in session process, and problem resolution, to post session change and final outcome. Two brief treatments for depression, one using client-centered (CC) and the other process-experiential (PE) interventions were compared on client process and outcome. The PE group showed significantly higher levels of experiencing, vocal quality and expressive stance, and greater problem resolution than the CC group in two of three PE interventions that were studied. Clients' Degree of Problem Resolution (DRS) correlated significantly with depth of experiencing, and sustained resolution over treatment resulted in better outcome.

Additional Info

  • Author Watson Greenberg
  • Date 1996
  • Keywords Depression, Psychotherapy Outcomes
  • Journal Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, and Training

Reactions of Women to Nonsexist and Feminist Counseling: Effects of Counselor Orientation and Mode of Information Delivery

Hackett, G., Enns, C. Z., & Zetzer, H. A. (1992). Reactions of women to nonsexist and feminist counseling: Effects of counselor orientation and mode of information delivery. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 39(3), 321-330. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.39.3.321

 

Article Description: Conflicting findings in the research on women's reactions to feminist counseling and therapy were investigated. Feminist and nonfeminist college women were exposed to nonsexist/ humanistic, liberal feminist, or radical feminist counseling. Participants' perceptions of the liberal feminist counselor were significantly more positive than perceptions of either the nonsexist or the radical feminist counselor

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Client and Therapist Variability in Clients' Perceptions of their Therapists' Multicultural Competencies

Owen, J., Leach, M. M., Wampold, B., & Rodolfa, E. (2011). Client and therapist variability in clients' perceptions of their therapists' multicultural competencies. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(1), 1-9. doi:10.1037/a0021496

 

Article Description: This study examined therapist differences in their clients’ ratings of their therapists’ multicultural competencies (MCCs) as well as tested whether therapists’ who were rated as exhibiting more MCCs also had clients who had better therapy outcomes.  Results demonstrated that therapists accounted for less than 1% of the variance in their clients’ Cross-Cultural Counseling Inventory–Revised (CCCI-R; T. D. LaFromboise, H. L. K. Coleman, & A. Hernandez, 1991) scores, suggesting that therapists did not differ in terms of how clients rated their MCCs. Therapists accounted for approximately 8.5% of the variance in therapy outcomes.

Additional Info

  • Author Owen Leach Wampold Rodolfa
  • Date 2011
  • Keywords Diversity, Multicultural Competencies, Counselor Training
  • Journal Journal of Counseling Psychology

Persons or Science? A Philosophical Question

Rogers, C. R. (1955). Persons or science? A philosophical question. American Psychologist, 10(7), 267-278. doi:10.1037/h0040999

 

Article Description: Commentary on the struggle between therapist as scientist (or scientifically minded) and therapist as an empathic person.  Rogers bases his information from his own struggle to integrate the two concepts.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1955
  • Keywords Person Centered, Psychotherapy
  • Journal American Psychologist

Intentionality, The Heart of Human Will

May, R. (1965). Intentionality, The Heart of Human Will. The Journal of humanistic psychology, 5(2), 202-209.

 

Author discuses and defines “intentionality” as it occurs in the human experience and in psychotherapy (gives us the foundation for wishing and willing).

Additional Info

  • Author May
  • Date 1965
  • Keywords Existential, Intentionality
  • Journal The Journal of Humanistic Psychology

Social Class, Contextualism, and Empathic Accuracy

Kraus, M. W., Cote, S., & Keltner, D. (2010). Social Class, Contextualism, and Empathic Accuracy. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1716-1723.

 

Article Description: In 3 studies, authors discuss and test their hypothesis based on recent research suggesting that individuals of a lower social class favor explanations of personal and political outcomes that are oriented to features of the external environment.

Additional Info

  • Author Kraus Cote Keltner
  • Date 2010
  • Keywords Diversity, Liberation Psychology
  • Journal Psychological Science

On "Feeling Right" in Cultural Contexts: How Person-Culture Match Affects Self-Esteem and Subjective Well-Being

Fulmer, A. C., Gelfand, M. J., Kruglanski, A. W., Kim-Prieto, C., Diener, E., Pierro, A., & Higgins, E. T. (2010). On “Feeling Right” in Cultural Contexts: How Person-Culture Match Affects Self-Esteem and Subjective Well-Being.  Psychological Science, 21(11), 1563-1569.

 

Article Description: This research report discusses 2 studies that explore how the interaction of individual- and cultural-level personality affects self-esteem and well-being.

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In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality?

Researchers explain and expose the color-blind mindset to managing diversity to a sample of elementary-school students who were placed into 2 conditions (color-blind and value diversity).

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The Renewal of Psychedelic Research: Implications for Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology

Friedman, H. (2006). The Renewal of Psychedelic Research: Implications for Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology.  The Humanistic Psychologist. 34(1): 39–58

 

Article Description: The author provides a history of psychedelics in research with implications for facilitating humanistic and transpersonal growth.

Additional Info

  • Author Friedman
  • Date 2008
  • Keywords transpersonal psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

Yes We Can! Prejudice Reduction Through Seeing (Inequality) and Believing (in Social Change)

Stewart, T. L., Latu, I. M., Branscombe, N. R., Denney, H. T. (2010) Yes We Can! Prejudice Reduction Through Seeing (Inequality) and Believing (in Social Change). Psychological Science, 21(11), 1557-1562.

 

Article Description: Authors investigate by experimentally varying feedback while investigating perception of efficacy to reduce racial inequality (in the context of increased awareness of illegitimate in-group advantages) on White Americans’ intergroup attitudes and antidiscrimination behavior.

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How Magic Changes our Expectations about Autism

Kuhn, G., Kourkoulou, A., & Leekam, S.R. (2010) How Magic Changes our Expectations About Autism.  Psychological Science, 21(10), 1487-1493.

 

The vanishing ball illusion is used with comparison groups of individuals with Autism with typically developing individuals.  Authors explain how findings oppose their theory using data from eye tracking.

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The Concept of the Fully Functioning Person

Rogers, C. R. (1963). The concept of the fully functioning person. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 1(1), 17-26. doi:10.1037/h0088567

 

Article Description: From a humanistic perspective, answers the questions of: If we were as successful as therapists as we could wish to be, what sort of persons would have developed in our therapy? What is the hypothetical end-point, the ultimate, of the therapeutic process?

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1963
  • Keywords Person Centered, Psychotherapy, Psychotherapy Outcome
  • Journal Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice

In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality?

Apfelbaum, E. P., Pauker, K., Sommers, S. R., & Amdady, N. (2010).  In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality? Psychological Science, 21(11), 1587-1592.

 

Article Description: Researchers explain and expose the color-blind mindset to managing diversity to a sample of elementary-school students who were placed into 2 conditions (color-blind and value diversity).

Additional Info

Warding off the Evil Eye: When the Fear of Being Envied Increases Prosocial Behavior

Van de Ven, N., Zeelenberg, M., & Pieters, R. (2010). Warding Off the Evil Eye: When the Fear of Being Envied Increases Prosocial Behavior. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1671-1677.

 

Article Description: In 3 experiments, with samples consisting of Dutch participants who were placed in either experimental or control groups, authors explore the idea that the “better off” act more prosocially as an appeasement strategy.

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Adolescent Strategies for Coping with Cultural Diversity

Coleman, H., Casali, S., & Wampold, B. (2001). Adolescent strategies for coping with cultural diversity. Journal of Counseling and Development : JCD, 79(3), 356-364.

Article Description: Investigates how adolescents react and cope when faced with situations in which they are in contact with another cultural subgroup.  Uses the Coping with Cultural Diversity Scale (CCDS) to assess participants on six strategies they might used when navigating immigration, etc. including acculturation.  Results suggest that the process of affiliating with one culture is qualitatively different than navigating more than one culture.  Context-specific use of strategies is also explored. 

Additional Info

  • Author Coleman Casali Wampold
  • Date 2001
  • Keywords diversity, therapy with children and adolescents
  • Journal Journal of Counseling and Development

Psychotherapy Research with Ethnic Minorities: Empirical, Ethical, and Conceptual Issues

Hall, G. C. N. (2001). Psychotherapy research with ethnic minorities: Empirical, ethical, and conceptual issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69(3), 502-510. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.69.3.502

 

Article Description: There is an increasing demand for psychotherapy among ethnic minority populations. Yet, there is not adequate evidence that empirically supported therapies (ESTs) are effective with ethnic minorities. Ethical guidelines suggest that psychotherapies be modified to become culturally appropriate for ethnic minority persons. Conceptual approaches have identified interdependence, spirituality, and discrimination as considerations for culturally sensitive therapy (CST). However, there is no more empirical support for the efficacy of CSTs than there is for the efficacy of ESTs with ethnic minority populations. The chasm between EST and CST research is a function of differences between methods and researchers in these 2 traditions. Specific recommendations for research collaboration between CST and EST researchers are offered.

Additional Info

  • Author Hall
  • Date 2001
  • Keywords diversity, multicultural competencies, counselor training
  • Journal Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Empathy

Elliott, R., Bohart, A. C., Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (2011). Empathy. Psychotherapy, 48(1), 43-49. doi:10.1037/a0022187

 

Article Description: Explores definition and measurement of empathy.  Article also discusses empathy as it relates to psychotherapy outcome.  Results suggest that empathy is a moderately strong predictor of psychotherapy outcome.

Additional Info

Gender Roles as Mediators of Sex Differences in Expressions of Pathology

Huselid, R. F., & Cooper, M. L. (1994). Gender roles as mediators of sex differences in expressions of pathology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103(4), 595-603. doi:10.1037/0021-843X.103.4.595

 

This study tested the extent to which gender role attributes and gender role ideology account for sex differences in internally directed psychological distress and in externally directed deviant behavior in a random sample of 2,013 adolescents. Results indicate that gender roles substantially mediate sex differences in both types of pathology: Masculine instrumental attributes reduce internalized distress, whereas feminine expressive attributes reduce externalized behavior problems.

Additional Info

  • Author Huselid Cooper
  • Date 1994
  • Keywords Diversity, feminism
  • Journal Journal of Abnormal Psychology

Creativity and Encounter

May, R. (1964). Creativity and encounter. American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 24(1), 39-45.

 

Article Description: Author proposes his own theory and commentary about the creative process

Additional Info

  • Author May
  • Date 1964
  • Keywords Creativity, Existential
  • Journal American Journal of Psychoanalysis

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