Clientcentered Theory

Rogers, C. R. (1956). Clientcentered theory. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 3(2), 115-120. doi:10.1037/h0046548

 

Article Description: Case study of an antisocial patient from a client-centered approach.  In the application of client-centered therapy, Rogers discusses how his approach facilitates growth.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1956
  • Keywords Person Centered
  • Journal Journal of Counseling Psychology

Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioural, Person-Centered, and Psychodynamic Therapies as Practiced in UK National Health Service Settings

Stiles, W. B., Barkham, M., Twigg, E., Mellor-Clark, J., & Cooper, M. (2006). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural, person-centred and psychodynamic therapies as practised in UK national health service settings. Psychological Medicine, 36(4), 555-66.

 

Article Description: Compared CBT, PCT, and Psychodynamic treatment.  All three treatment groups showed marked improvement.  There was a large overlap in score distribution between treatment types.  Outcome is consistent with previous literature comparing treatment approaches.

Additional Info

Creativity and Encounter

May, R. (1964). Creativity and encounter. American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 24(1), 39-45.

 

Article Description: Author proposes his own theory and commentary about the creative process

Additional Info

  • Author May
  • Date 1964
  • Keywords Creativity, Existential
  • Journal American Journal of Psychoanalysis

Social Comparison in the Classroom: The Relationship Between Academic Achievement and Self-Concept

Rogers, C. M., Smith, M. D., & Coleman, J. M. (1978). Social comparison in the classroom: The relationship between academic achievement and self-concept. Journal of Educational Psychology, 70(1), 50-57. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.70.1.50

 

Article Description: One hypothesis derived from social comparison theory is that the relationship between academic achievement and self-concept can best be understood in terms of the child's achievement standing compared with that of classmates.   When relative within-classroom achievement standing was not considered, reading achievement was not significantly related to self-concept, although mathematics achievement was. When relative within-classroom achievement standing was considered, both reading and math achievement were found to be significantly related to self-concept

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers Smith Coleman
  • Date 1978
  • Keywords Social Comparison Theory, Achievement, Self Concept, Person Centered
  • Journal Journal of Educational Psychology

Client and Therapist Variability in Clients' Perceptions of their Therapists' Multicultural Competencies

Owen, J., Leach, M. M., Wampold, B., & Rodolfa, E. (2011). Client and therapist variability in clients' perceptions of their therapists' multicultural competencies. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(1), 1-9. doi:10.1037/a0021496

 

Article Description: This study examined therapist differences in their clients’ ratings of their therapists’ multicultural competencies (MCCs) as well as tested whether therapists’ who were rated as exhibiting more MCCs also had clients who had better therapy outcomes.  Results demonstrated that therapists accounted for less than 1% of the variance in their clients’ Cross-Cultural Counseling Inventory–Revised (CCCI-R; T. D. LaFromboise, H. L. K. Coleman, & A. Hernandez, 1991) scores, suggesting that therapists did not differ in terms of how clients rated their MCCs. Therapists accounted for approximately 8.5% of the variance in therapy outcomes.

Additional Info

  • Author Owen Leach Wampold Rodolfa
  • Date 2011
  • Keywords Diversity, Multicultural Competencies, Counselor Training
  • Journal Journal of Counseling Psychology

Psychotherapy Research with Ethnic Minorities: Empirical, Ethical, and Conceptual Issues

Hall, G. C. N. (2001). Psychotherapy research with ethnic minorities: Empirical, ethical, and conceptual issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69(3), 502-510. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.69.3.502

 

Article Description: There is an increasing demand for psychotherapy among ethnic minority populations. Yet, there is not adequate evidence that empirically supported therapies (ESTs) are effective with ethnic minorities. Ethical guidelines suggest that psychotherapies be modified to become culturally appropriate for ethnic minority persons. Conceptual approaches have identified interdependence, spirituality, and discrimination as considerations for culturally sensitive therapy (CST). However, there is no more empirical support for the efficacy of CSTs than there is for the efficacy of ESTs with ethnic minority populations. The chasm between EST and CST research is a function of differences between methods and researchers in these 2 traditions. Specific recommendations for research collaboration between CST and EST researchers are offered.

Additional Info

  • Author Hall
  • Date 2001
  • Keywords diversity, multicultural competencies, counselor training
  • Journal Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Ethnic Group Preferences for Multicultural Counseling Competencies

Fraga, E. D., Atkinson, D. R., & Wampold, B. E. (2004). Ethnic group preferences for multicultural counseling competencies. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 10(1), 53-65. doi:10.1037/1099-9809.10.1.53

 

Article Description: Undergraduate students were surveyed using a paired-comparison format to determine preferences for the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 11 knowledges, and 11 skills identified by D. W. Sue, P. Arredondo, and R. J. McDavis (1992) as characteristics of the competent multicultural counselor.  Results indicated that preferences for 5 of the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 5 of the 11 knowledges, and 7 of the 11 skills competencies varied as a function of race/ethnicity.

Additional Info

  • Author Fraga Atkinson Wampold
  • Date 2004
  • Keywords diversity, multicultural competencies, counselor training
  • Journal Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology

Relational Mobility Explains Between- and Within-Culture Differences in Self-Disclosure to Close Friends

Schug, J., Yuki, M., & Maddux, W. (2010) Relational mobility Explains Between- and Within-culture Differences in Self-Disclosure to Close Friends. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1471-1478.

 

Article Description: Authors explore predictors and mediators in social relationships that promote self-disclosure in Japan

Additional Info

  • Author Schug Yuki Maddux
  • Date 2010
  • Keywords Diversity, Psychotherapy
  • Journal Psychological Science

The Relationship of Women's Role Strain to Social Support, Role Satisfaction, and Self-Efficacy

Erdwins, C., Buffardi, L., Casper, W., & O'Brien, A. (2001). The relationship of women's role strain to social support, role satisfaction, and self-efficacy. Family Relations, 50(3), 230-238.

 

Article Description: 129 married, employed women with at least one preschool-aged child reported on self efficacy, social support, role satisfaction, and role strain. Self-efficacy and parental roles were predictors of women’s work-family conflict and role overload, respectively.  Spousal and supervisor support accounted for significant variation in work-life conflict as well.

Additional Info

Cognitive-Behavioral and Humanistic Group Treatment for Children with Learning Disabilities: A Comparison of Outcomes and Process

Shechtman, Z., & Pastor, R. (2005). Cognitive-behavioral and humanistic group treatment for children with learning disabilities: A comparison of outcomes and process. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 322-336. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.322

 

Article Description: The authors of this study examined the outcomes and processes of 2 types of group treatment— cognitive– behavioral treatment groups (CBTG) and humanistic group therapy.  Results indicated that the addition of either type of group treatment to individual academic assistance was more effective than the latter alone on most measures. In fact, on the majority of measures, group treatment without academic assistance was more effective than just individual assistance. Finally, HGT was more effective than CBTG on most measures.

Additional Info

  • Author Schechtman Pastor
  • Date 2005
  • Keywords Cognitive-Behavioral, Group Psychotherapy, Learning Disbility, Psychotherapy Outcomes
  • Journal Psychological Science

Complimentary Research Methods in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Case for Methodological Pluralism

Davis, J. (2009) Complementary Research Methods in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Case for Methodological Pluralism. The Humanistic Psychologist, 37: 4-23.

 

Article Description: This article reviews the underpinnings of Humanistic and Transpersonal Theories in psychological research methods, natural science and human science.

Additional Info

  • Author Davis
  • Date 2009
  • Keywords Research Methods, Transpersonal Psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

How Magic Changes our Expectations about Autism

Kuhn, G., Kourkoulou, A., & Leekam, S.R. (2010) How Magic Changes our Expectations About Autism.  Psychological Science, 21(10), 1487-1493.

 

The vanishing ball illusion is used with comparison groups of individuals with Autism with typically developing individuals.  Authors explain how findings oppose their theory using data from eye tracking.

Additional Info

Social Class, Contextualism, and Empathic Accuracy

Kraus, M. W., Cote, S., & Keltner, D. (2010). Social Class, Contextualism, and Empathic Accuracy. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1716-1723.

 

Article Description: In 3 studies, authors discuss and test their hypothesis based on recent research suggesting that individuals of a lower social class favor explanations of personal and political outcomes that are oriented to features of the external environment.

Additional Info

  • Author Kraus Cote Keltner
  • Date 2010
  • Keywords Diversity, Liberation Psychology
  • Journal Psychological Science

In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality?

Researchers explain and expose the color-blind mindset to managing diversity to a sample of elementary-school students who were placed into 2 conditions (color-blind and value diversity).

Additional Info

The Concept of the Fully Functioning Person

Rogers, C. R. (1963). The concept of the fully functioning person. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 1(1), 17-26. doi:10.1037/h0088567

 

Article Description: From a humanistic perspective, answers the questions of: If we were as successful as therapists as we could wish to be, what sort of persons would have developed in our therapy? What is the hypothetical end-point, the ultimate, of the therapeutic process?

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1963
  • Keywords Person Centered, Psychotherapy, Psychotherapy Outcome
  • Journal Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice

Adolescent Strategies for Coping with Cultural Diversity

Coleman, H., Casali, S., & Wampold, B. (2001). Adolescent strategies for coping with cultural diversity. Journal of Counseling and Development : JCD, 79(3), 356-364.

Article Description: Investigates how adolescents react and cope when faced with situations in which they are in contact with another cultural subgroup.  Uses the Coping with Cultural Diversity Scale (CCDS) to assess participants on six strategies they might used when navigating immigration, etc. including acculturation.  Results suggest that the process of affiliating with one culture is qualitatively different than navigating more than one culture.  Context-specific use of strategies is also explored. 

Additional Info

  • Author Coleman Casali Wampold
  • Date 2001
  • Keywords diversity, therapy with children and adolescents
  • Journal Journal of Counseling and Development

Empathy

Elliott, R., Bohart, A. C., Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (2011). Empathy. Psychotherapy, 48(1), 43-49. doi:10.1037/a0022187

 

Article Description: Explores definition and measurement of empathy.  Article also discusses empathy as it relates to psychotherapy outcome.  Results suggest that empathy is a moderately strong predictor of psychotherapy outcome.

Additional Info

Oxytocin Selectively Improves Empathic Accuracy

Bartz, J. A., Zaki, J., Golger, N., Hollander, E., Ludwig, N. N., Kolevzon, A., & Ochsner, K.N. (2010) Oxytocin Selectively Improves Empathic Accuracy. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1426-1428.

 

Article Description: Authors randomly assign 27 men in two groups, experimental and placebo, to assess the effects of intranasal Oxytocin on empathic accuracy.

Additional Info

An Examination of the Bases of Evidence-Based Interventions

Wampold, B. E. (2002). An examination of the bases of evidence-based interventions. School Psychology Quarterly, 17(4), 500-507. doi:10.1521/scpq.17.4.500.20870

 

Article Description: School psychology has proposed a system to aid in the identification of evidence-based interventions.  In this commentary, issues related to the politics of exclusion, design and theory, methods, and multicultarism are discussed.

Additional Info

  • Author Wampold
  • Date 2002
  • Keywords Evidence-Based Practice, Psychotherapy Outcomes
  • Journal School Psychology Quarterly

The Renewal of Psychedelic Research: Implications for Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology

Friedman, H. (2006). The Renewal of Psychedelic Research: Implications for Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology.  The Humanistic Psychologist. 34(1): 39–58

 

Article Description: The author provides a history of psychedelics in research with implications for facilitating humanistic and transpersonal growth.

Additional Info

  • Author Friedman
  • Date 2008
  • Keywords transpersonal psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

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