Psychotherapy: The Humanistic (and Effective) Treatment

Wampold, B. E. (2007). Psychotherapy: The humanistic (and effective) treatment. American Psychologist, 62(8), 857-873. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.62.8.857

 

Article Description: Common factors research.  Psychotherapy is compared with medicine and cultural healing practices to argue that critical aspects of psychotherapy involve human processes that are used in religious, spiritual, and cultural healing practices. A model of psychotherapy is presented that stipulates various aspects that involve uniquely human characteristics. Central to this model is patient acquisition of an adaptive explanation of his or her difficulties.

Additional Info

  • Author Wampold
  • Date 2007
  • Keywords Evidence-Based Practice, Psychotherapy Outcomes, Common Factors
  • Journal American Psychologist

Social Class, Contextualism, and Empathic Accuracy

Kraus, M. W., Cote, S., & Keltner, D. (2010). Social Class, Contextualism, and Empathic Accuracy. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1716-1723.

 

Article Description: In 3 studies, authors discuss and test their hypothesis based on recent research suggesting that individuals of a lower social class favor explanations of personal and political outcomes that are oriented to features of the external environment.

Additional Info

  • Author Kraus Cote Keltner
  • Date 2010
  • Keywords Diversity, Liberation Psychology
  • Journal Psychological Science

Cognitive-Behavioral and Humanistic Group Treatment for Children with Learning Disabilities: A Comparison of Outcomes and Process

Shechtman, Z., & Pastor, R. (2005). Cognitive-behavioral and humanistic group treatment for children with learning disabilities: A comparison of outcomes and process. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 322-336. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.322

 

Article Description: The authors of this study examined the outcomes and processes of 2 types of group treatment— cognitive– behavioral treatment groups (CBTG) and humanistic group therapy.  Results indicated that the addition of either type of group treatment to individual academic assistance was more effective than the latter alone on most measures. In fact, on the majority of measures, group treatment without academic assistance was more effective than just individual assistance. Finally, HGT was more effective than CBTG on most measures.

Additional Info

  • Author Schechtman Pastor
  • Date 2005
  • Keywords Cognitive-Behavioral, Group Psychotherapy, Learning Disbility, Psychotherapy Outcomes
  • Journal Psychological Science

Client and Therapist Variability in Clients' Perceptions of their Therapists' Multicultural Competencies

Owen, J., Leach, M. M., Wampold, B., & Rodolfa, E. (2011). Client and therapist variability in clients' perceptions of their therapists' multicultural competencies. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(1), 1-9. doi:10.1037/a0021496

 

Article Description: This study examined therapist differences in their clients’ ratings of their therapists’ multicultural competencies (MCCs) as well as tested whether therapists’ who were rated as exhibiting more MCCs also had clients who had better therapy outcomes.  Results demonstrated that therapists accounted for less than 1% of the variance in their clients’ Cross-Cultural Counseling Inventory–Revised (CCCI-R; T. D. LaFromboise, H. L. K. Coleman, & A. Hernandez, 1991) scores, suggesting that therapists did not differ in terms of how clients rated their MCCs. Therapists accounted for approximately 8.5% of the variance in therapy outcomes.

Additional Info

  • Author Owen Leach Wampold Rodolfa
  • Date 2011
  • Keywords Diversity, Multicultural Competencies, Counselor Training
  • Journal Journal of Counseling Psychology

Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioural, Person-Centered, and Psychodynamic Therapies as Practiced in UK National Health Service Settings

Stiles, W. B., Barkham, M., Twigg, E., Mellor-Clark, J., & Cooper, M. (2006). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural, person-centred and psychodynamic therapies as practised in UK national health service settings. Psychological Medicine, 36(4), 555-66.

 

Article Description: Compared CBT, PCT, and Psychodynamic treatment.  All three treatment groups showed marked improvement.  There was a large overlap in score distribution between treatment types.  Outcome is consistent with previous literature comparing treatment approaches.

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Humanistic and Positive Psychology: The Methodological and Epistemological Divide

Friedman, H. (2008) Humanistic and Positive Psychology: The Methodological and Epistemological Divide. Humanistic Psychologist, 36: 113-126.

 

Article Description: Author reviews methodological and epistemological similarities and differences between humanistic and positive psychology.

Additional Info

  • Author Friedman
  • Date 2008
  • Keywords Positive Psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

Gender Roles as Mediators of Sex Differences in Expressions of Pathology

Huselid, R. F., & Cooper, M. L. (1994). Gender roles as mediators of sex differences in expressions of pathology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103(4), 595-603. doi:10.1037/0021-843X.103.4.595

 

This study tested the extent to which gender role attributes and gender role ideology account for sex differences in internally directed psychological distress and in externally directed deviant behavior in a random sample of 2,013 adolescents. Results indicate that gender roles substantially mediate sex differences in both types of pathology: Masculine instrumental attributes reduce internalized distress, whereas feminine expressive attributes reduce externalized behavior problems.

Additional Info

  • Author Huselid Cooper
  • Date 1994
  • Keywords Diversity, feminism
  • Journal Journal of Abnormal Psychology

Reactions of Women to Nonsexist and Feminist Counseling: Effects of Counselor Orientation and Mode of Information Delivery

Hackett, G., Enns, C. Z., & Zetzer, H. A. (1992). Reactions of women to nonsexist and feminist counseling: Effects of counselor orientation and mode of information delivery. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 39(3), 321-330. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.39.3.321

 

Article Description: Conflicting findings in the research on women's reactions to feminist counseling and therapy were investigated. Feminist and nonfeminist college women were exposed to nonsexist/ humanistic, liberal feminist, or radical feminist counseling. Participants' perceptions of the liberal feminist counselor were significantly more positive than perceptions of either the nonsexist or the radical feminist counselor

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Adolescent Strategies for Coping with Cultural Diversity

Coleman, H., Casali, S., & Wampold, B. (2001). Adolescent strategies for coping with cultural diversity. Journal of Counseling and Development : JCD, 79(3), 356-364.

Article Description: Investigates how adolescents react and cope when faced with situations in which they are in contact with another cultural subgroup.  Uses the Coping with Cultural Diversity Scale (CCDS) to assess participants on six strategies they might used when navigating immigration, etc. including acculturation.  Results suggest that the process of affiliating with one culture is qualitatively different than navigating more than one culture.  Context-specific use of strategies is also explored. 

Additional Info

  • Author Coleman Casali Wampold
  • Date 2001
  • Keywords diversity, therapy with children and adolescents
  • Journal Journal of Counseling and Development

Complimentary Research Methods in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Case for Methodological Pluralism

Davis, J. (2009) Complementary Research Methods in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Case for Methodological Pluralism. The Humanistic Psychologist, 37: 4-23.

 

Article Description: This article reviews the underpinnings of Humanistic and Transpersonal Theories in psychological research methods, natural science and human science.

Additional Info

  • Author Davis
  • Date 2009
  • Keywords Research Methods, Transpersonal Psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

Clientcentered Theory

Rogers, C. R. (1956). Clientcentered theory. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 3(2), 115-120. doi:10.1037/h0046548

 

Article Description: Case study of an antisocial patient from a client-centered approach.  In the application of client-centered therapy, Rogers discusses how his approach facilitates growth.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1956
  • Keywords Person Centered
  • Journal Journal of Counseling Psychology

Persons or Science? A Philosophical Question

Rogers, C. R. (1955). Persons or science? A philosophical question. American Psychologist, 10(7), 267-278. doi:10.1037/h0040999

 

Article Description: Commentary on the struggle between therapist as scientist (or scientifically minded) and therapist as an empathic person.  Rogers bases his information from his own struggle to integrate the two concepts.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1955
  • Keywords Person Centered, Psychotherapy
  • Journal American Psychologist

Warding off the Evil Eye: When the Fear of Being Envied Increases Prosocial Behavior

Van de Ven, N., Zeelenberg, M., & Pieters, R. (2010). Warding Off the Evil Eye: When the Fear of Being Envied Increases Prosocial Behavior. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1671-1677.

 

Article Description: In 3 experiments, with samples consisting of Dutch participants who were placed in either experimental or control groups, authors explore the idea that the “better off” act more prosocially as an appeasement strategy.

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Intentionality, The Heart of Human Will

May, R. (1965). Intentionality, The Heart of Human Will. The Journal of humanistic psychology, 5(2), 202-209.

 

Author discuses and defines “intentionality” as it occurs in the human experience and in psychotherapy (gives us the foundation for wishing and willing).

Additional Info

  • Author May
  • Date 1965
  • Keywords Existential, Intentionality
  • Journal The Journal of Humanistic Psychology

Pathways to Change in the Psychotherapy of Depression: Relating Process to Session Change and Outcome

Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (1996). Pathways to change in the psychotherapy of depression: Relating process to session change and outcome. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, and Training, 33(2), 262-274. doi:10.1037/0033-3204.33.2.262

 

Article Description: This study identified a pathway from in session process, and problem resolution, to post session change and final outcome. Two brief treatments for depression, one using client-centered (CC) and the other process-experiential (PE) interventions were compared on client process and outcome. The PE group showed significantly higher levels of experiencing, vocal quality and expressive stance, and greater problem resolution than the CC group in two of three PE interventions that were studied. Clients' Degree of Problem Resolution (DRS) correlated significantly with depth of experiencing, and sustained resolution over treatment resulted in better outcome.

Additional Info

  • Author Watson Greenberg
  • Date 1996
  • Keywords Depression, Psychotherapy Outcomes
  • Journal Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, and Training

Stereotype Threat Affects Financial Decision-Making

Carr, P. B., & Steele, C. M. (2010). Stereotype Threat Affects Financial Decision Making. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1411-1416.


Article Description: Authors review in this research report 3 studies that provide evidence that one’s decision-making can be influenced by concerns about stereotypes and the devaluation of one’s identity.

Additional Info

  • Author Carr Steele
  • Date 2010
  • Keywords diversity
  • Journal Psychological Science

On "Feeling Right" in Cultural Contexts: How Person-Culture Match Affects Self-Esteem and Subjective Well-Being

Fulmer, A. C., Gelfand, M. J., Kruglanski, A. W., Kim-Prieto, C., Diener, E., Pierro, A., & Higgins, E. T. (2010). On “Feeling Right” in Cultural Contexts: How Person-Culture Match Affects Self-Esteem and Subjective Well-Being.  Psychological Science, 21(11), 1563-1569.

 

Article Description: This research report discusses 2 studies that explore how the interaction of individual- and cultural-level personality affects self-esteem and well-being.

Additional Info

Social Comparison in the Classroom: The Relationship Between Academic Achievement and Self-Concept

Rogers, C. M., Smith, M. D., & Coleman, J. M. (1978). Social comparison in the classroom: The relationship between academic achievement and self-concept. Journal of Educational Psychology, 70(1), 50-57. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.70.1.50

 

Article Description: One hypothesis derived from social comparison theory is that the relationship between academic achievement and self-concept can best be understood in terms of the child's achievement standing compared with that of classmates.   When relative within-classroom achievement standing was not considered, reading achievement was not significantly related to self-concept, although mathematics achievement was. When relative within-classroom achievement standing was considered, both reading and math achievement were found to be significantly related to self-concept

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers Smith Coleman
  • Date 1978
  • Keywords Social Comparison Theory, Achievement, Self Concept, Person Centered
  • Journal Journal of Educational Psychology

In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality?

Apfelbaum, E. P., Pauker, K., Sommers, S. R., & Amdady, N. (2010).  In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality? Psychological Science, 21(11), 1587-1592.

 

Article Description: Researchers explain and expose the color-blind mindset to managing diversity to a sample of elementary-school students who were placed into 2 conditions (color-blind and value diversity).

Additional Info

Some Observations on the Organization of Personality

Rogers, C. R. (1947). Some observations on the organization of personality. American Psychologist, 2(9), 358-368. doi:10.1037/h0060883

 

Article Description: Based on the notion that processes are better understood when they are directly observed, Rogers presents his observational material on personality.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1947
  • Keywords Person Centered, Personality
  • Journal American Psychologist

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