Gender Roles as Mediators of Sex Differences in Expressions of Pathology

Huselid, R. F., & Cooper, M. L. (1994). Gender roles as mediators of sex differences in expressions of pathology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103(4), 595-603. doi:10.1037/0021-843X.103.4.595

 

This study tested the extent to which gender role attributes and gender role ideology account for sex differences in internally directed psychological distress and in externally directed deviant behavior in a random sample of 2,013 adolescents. Results indicate that gender roles substantially mediate sex differences in both types of pathology: Masculine instrumental attributes reduce internalized distress, whereas feminine expressive attributes reduce externalized behavior problems.

Additional Info

  • Author Huselid Cooper
  • Date 1994
  • Keywords Diversity, feminism
  • Journal Journal of Abnormal Psychology

Some Observations on the Organization of Personality

Rogers, C. R. (1947). Some observations on the organization of personality. American Psychologist, 2(9), 358-368. doi:10.1037/h0060883

 

Article Description: Based on the notion that processes are better understood when they are directly observed, Rogers presents his observational material on personality.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1947
  • Keywords Person Centered, Personality
  • Journal American Psychologist

The Renewal of Psychedelic Research: Implications for Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology

Friedman, H. (2006). The Renewal of Psychedelic Research: Implications for Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology.  The Humanistic Psychologist. 34(1): 39–58

 

Article Description: The author provides a history of psychedelics in research with implications for facilitating humanistic and transpersonal growth.

Additional Info

  • Author Friedman
  • Date 2008
  • Keywords transpersonal psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

Social Comparison in the Classroom: The Relationship Between Academic Achievement and Self-Concept

Rogers, C. M., Smith, M. D., & Coleman, J. M. (1978). Social comparison in the classroom: The relationship between academic achievement and self-concept. Journal of Educational Psychology, 70(1), 50-57. doi:10.1037/0022-0663.70.1.50

 

Article Description: One hypothesis derived from social comparison theory is that the relationship between academic achievement and self-concept can best be understood in terms of the child's achievement standing compared with that of classmates.   When relative within-classroom achievement standing was not considered, reading achievement was not significantly related to self-concept, although mathematics achievement was. When relative within-classroom achievement standing was considered, both reading and math achievement were found to be significantly related to self-concept

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers Smith Coleman
  • Date 1978
  • Keywords Social Comparison Theory, Achievement, Self Concept, Person Centered
  • Journal Journal of Educational Psychology

Psychotherapy Research with Ethnic Minorities: Empirical, Ethical, and Conceptual Issues

Hall, G. C. N. (2001). Psychotherapy research with ethnic minorities: Empirical, ethical, and conceptual issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69(3), 502-510. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.69.3.502

 

Article Description: There is an increasing demand for psychotherapy among ethnic minority populations. Yet, there is not adequate evidence that empirically supported therapies (ESTs) are effective with ethnic minorities. Ethical guidelines suggest that psychotherapies be modified to become culturally appropriate for ethnic minority persons. Conceptual approaches have identified interdependence, spirituality, and discrimination as considerations for culturally sensitive therapy (CST). However, there is no more empirical support for the efficacy of CSTs than there is for the efficacy of ESTs with ethnic minority populations. The chasm between EST and CST research is a function of differences between methods and researchers in these 2 traditions. Specific recommendations for research collaboration between CST and EST researchers are offered.

Additional Info

  • Author Hall
  • Date 2001
  • Keywords diversity, multicultural competencies, counselor training
  • Journal Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Ethnic Group Preferences for Multicultural Counseling Competencies

Fraga, E. D., Atkinson, D. R., & Wampold, B. E. (2004). Ethnic group preferences for multicultural counseling competencies. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 10(1), 53-65. doi:10.1037/1099-9809.10.1.53

 

Article Description: Undergraduate students were surveyed using a paired-comparison format to determine preferences for the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 11 knowledges, and 11 skills identified by D. W. Sue, P. Arredondo, and R. J. McDavis (1992) as characteristics of the competent multicultural counselor.  Results indicated that preferences for 5 of the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 5 of the 11 knowledges, and 7 of the 11 skills competencies varied as a function of race/ethnicity.

Additional Info

  • Author Fraga Atkinson Wampold
  • Date 2004
  • Keywords diversity, multicultural competencies, counselor training
  • Journal Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology

Reactions of Women to Nonsexist and Feminist Counseling: Effects of Counselor Orientation and Mode of Information Delivery

Hackett, G., Enns, C. Z., & Zetzer, H. A. (1992). Reactions of women to nonsexist and feminist counseling: Effects of counselor orientation and mode of information delivery. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 39(3), 321-330. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.39.3.321

 

Article Description: Conflicting findings in the research on women's reactions to feminist counseling and therapy were investigated. Feminist and nonfeminist college women were exposed to nonsexist/ humanistic, liberal feminist, or radical feminist counseling. Participants' perceptions of the liberal feminist counselor were significantly more positive than perceptions of either the nonsexist or the radical feminist counselor

Additional Info

Creativity and Encounter

May, R. (1964). Creativity and encounter. American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 24(1), 39-45.

 

Article Description: Author proposes his own theory and commentary about the creative process

Additional Info

  • Author May
  • Date 1964
  • Keywords Creativity, Existential
  • Journal American Journal of Psychoanalysis

The Process of Therapy

Rogers, C. R. (1992). The processes of therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60(2), 163-164. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.60.2.163 (reprinted from original article published in the 1940s)

Reprint of Rogers’ initial article in which he discuses the process of therapy that is at the core of humanistic/person-centered theory.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1992
  • Keywords Person Centered, Counselor Training
  • Journal Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Oxytocin Selectively Improves Empathic Accuracy

Bartz, J. A., Zaki, J., Golger, N., Hollander, E., Ludwig, N. N., Kolevzon, A., & Ochsner, K.N. (2010) Oxytocin Selectively Improves Empathic Accuracy. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1426-1428.

 

Article Description: Authors randomly assign 27 men in two groups, experimental and placebo, to assess the effects of intranasal Oxytocin on empathic accuracy.

Additional Info

Relational Mobility Explains Between- and Within-Culture Differences in Self-Disclosure to Close Friends

Schug, J., Yuki, M., & Maddux, W. (2010) Relational mobility Explains Between- and Within-culture Differences in Self-Disclosure to Close Friends. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1471-1478.

 

Article Description: Authors explore predictors and mediators in social relationships that promote self-disclosure in Japan

Additional Info

  • Author Schug Yuki Maddux
  • Date 2010
  • Keywords Diversity, Psychotherapy
  • Journal Psychological Science

Pathways to Change in the Psychotherapy of Depression: Relating Process to Session Change and Outcome

Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (1996). Pathways to change in the psychotherapy of depression: Relating process to session change and outcome. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, and Training, 33(2), 262-274. doi:10.1037/0033-3204.33.2.262

 

Article Description: This study identified a pathway from in session process, and problem resolution, to post session change and final outcome. Two brief treatments for depression, one using client-centered (CC) and the other process-experiential (PE) interventions were compared on client process and outcome. The PE group showed significantly higher levels of experiencing, vocal quality and expressive stance, and greater problem resolution than the CC group in two of three PE interventions that were studied. Clients' Degree of Problem Resolution (DRS) correlated significantly with depth of experiencing, and sustained resolution over treatment resulted in better outcome.

Additional Info

  • Author Watson Greenberg
  • Date 1996
  • Keywords Depression, Psychotherapy Outcomes
  • Journal Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, and Training

Complimentary Research Methods in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Case for Methodological Pluralism

Davis, J. (2009) Complementary Research Methods in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Case for Methodological Pluralism. The Humanistic Psychologist, 37: 4-23.

 

Article Description: This article reviews the underpinnings of Humanistic and Transpersonal Theories in psychological research methods, natural science and human science.

Additional Info

  • Author Davis
  • Date 2009
  • Keywords Research Methods, Transpersonal Psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

How Magic Changes our Expectations about Autism

Kuhn, G., Kourkoulou, A., & Leekam, S.R. (2010) How Magic Changes our Expectations About Autism.  Psychological Science, 21(10), 1487-1493.

 

The vanishing ball illusion is used with comparison groups of individuals with Autism with typically developing individuals.  Authors explain how findings oppose their theory using data from eye tracking.

Additional Info

An Examination of the Bases of Evidence-Based Interventions

Wampold, B. E. (2002). An examination of the bases of evidence-based interventions. School Psychology Quarterly, 17(4), 500-507. doi:10.1521/scpq.17.4.500.20870

 

Article Description: School psychology has proposed a system to aid in the identification of evidence-based interventions.  In this commentary, issues related to the politics of exclusion, design and theory, methods, and multicultarism are discussed.

Additional Info

  • Author Wampold
  • Date 2002
  • Keywords Evidence-Based Practice, Psychotherapy Outcomes
  • Journal School Psychology Quarterly

Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioural, Person-Centered, and Psychodynamic Therapies as Practiced in UK National Health Service Settings

Stiles, W. B., Barkham, M., Twigg, E., Mellor-Clark, J., & Cooper, M. (2006). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural, person-centred and psychodynamic therapies as practised in UK national health service settings. Psychological Medicine, 36(4), 555-66.

 

Article Description: Compared CBT, PCT, and Psychodynamic treatment.  All three treatment groups showed marked improvement.  There was a large overlap in score distribution between treatment types.  Outcome is consistent with previous literature comparing treatment approaches.

Additional Info

Clientcentered Theory

Rogers, C. R. (1956). Clientcentered theory. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 3(2), 115-120. doi:10.1037/h0046548

 

Article Description: Case study of an antisocial patient from a client-centered approach.  In the application of client-centered therapy, Rogers discusses how his approach facilitates growth.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1956
  • Keywords Person Centered
  • Journal Journal of Counseling Psychology

In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality?

Researchers explain and expose the color-blind mindset to managing diversity to a sample of elementary-school students who were placed into 2 conditions (color-blind and value diversity).

Additional Info

Persons or Science? A Philosophical Question

Rogers, C. R. (1955). Persons or science? A philosophical question. American Psychologist, 10(7), 267-278. doi:10.1037/h0040999

 

Article Description: Commentary on the struggle between therapist as scientist (or scientifically minded) and therapist as an empathic person.  Rogers bases his information from his own struggle to integrate the two concepts.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1955
  • Keywords Person Centered, Psychotherapy
  • Journal American Psychologist

The Concept of the Fully Functioning Person

Rogers, C. R. (1963). The concept of the fully functioning person. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 1(1), 17-26. doi:10.1037/h0088567

 

Article Description: From a humanistic perspective, answers the questions of: If we were as successful as therapists as we could wish to be, what sort of persons would have developed in our therapy? What is the hypothetical end-point, the ultimate, of the therapeutic process?

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1963
  • Keywords Person Centered, Psychotherapy, Psychotherapy Outcome
  • Journal Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice

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