Social Class, Contextualism, and Empathic Accuracy

Kraus, M. W., Cote, S., & Keltner, D. (2010). Social Class, Contextualism, and Empathic Accuracy. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1716-1723.

 

Article Description: In 3 studies, authors discuss and test their hypothesis based on recent research suggesting that individuals of a lower social class favor explanations of personal and political outcomes that are oriented to features of the external environment.

Additional Info

  • Author Kraus Cote Keltner
  • Date 2010
  • Keywords Diversity, Liberation Psychology
  • Journal Psychological Science

Yes We Can! Prejudice Reduction Through Seeing (Inequality) and Believing (in Social Change)

Stewart, T. L., Latu, I. M., Branscombe, N. R., Denney, H. T. (2010) Yes We Can! Prejudice Reduction Through Seeing (Inequality) and Believing (in Social Change). Psychological Science, 21(11), 1557-1562.

 

Article Description: Authors investigate by experimentally varying feedback while investigating perception of efficacy to reduce racial inequality (in the context of increased awareness of illegitimate in-group advantages) on White Americans’ intergroup attitudes and antidiscrimination behavior.

Additional Info

The Existential Therapy of Phobias

Blount, H. G. (1979). The existential psychotherapy of phobias. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 16(3), 282-285. doi:10.1037/h0085890

 

Article Description: Existential psychotherapy process of phobias.  Article proposes a five stage treatment model and concludes with a case study.

Additional Info

  • Author Blount
  • Date 1979
  • Keywords Existential
  • Journal Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice

The Relationship of Women's Role Strain to Social Support, Role Satisfaction, and Self-Efficacy

Erdwins, C., Buffardi, L., Casper, W., & O'Brien, A. (2001). The relationship of women's role strain to social support, role satisfaction, and self-efficacy. Family Relations, 50(3), 230-238.

 

Article Description: 129 married, employed women with at least one preschool-aged child reported on self efficacy, social support, role satisfaction, and role strain. Self-efficacy and parental roles were predictors of women’s work-family conflict and role overload, respectively.  Spousal and supervisor support accounted for significant variation in work-life conflict as well.

Additional Info

Intentionality, The Heart of Human Will

May, R. (1965). Intentionality, The Heart of Human Will. The Journal of humanistic psychology, 5(2), 202-209.

 

Author discuses and defines “intentionality” as it occurs in the human experience and in psychotherapy (gives us the foundation for wishing and willing).

Additional Info

  • Author May
  • Date 1965
  • Keywords Existential, Intentionality
  • Journal The Journal of Humanistic Psychology

An Examination of the Bases of Evidence-Based Interventions

Wampold, B. E. (2002). An examination of the bases of evidence-based interventions. School Psychology Quarterly, 17(4), 500-507. doi:10.1521/scpq.17.4.500.20870

 

Article Description: School psychology has proposed a system to aid in the identification of evidence-based interventions.  In this commentary, issues related to the politics of exclusion, design and theory, methods, and multicultarism are discussed.

Additional Info

  • Author Wampold
  • Date 2002
  • Keywords Evidence-Based Practice, Psychotherapy Outcomes
  • Journal School Psychology Quarterly

The Process of Therapy

Rogers, C. R. (1992). The processes of therapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60(2), 163-164. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.60.2.163 (reprinted from original article published in the 1940s)

Reprint of Rogers’ initial article in which he discuses the process of therapy that is at the core of humanistic/person-centered theory.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1992
  • Keywords Person Centered, Counselor Training
  • Journal Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Humanistic and Positive Psychology: The Methodological and Epistemological Divide

Friedman, H. (2008) Humanistic and Positive Psychology: The Methodological and Epistemological Divide. Humanistic Psychologist, 36: 113-126.

 

Article Description: Author reviews methodological and epistemological similarities and differences between humanistic and positive psychology.

Additional Info

  • Author Friedman
  • Date 2008
  • Keywords Positive Psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

Psychotherapy Research with Ethnic Minorities: Empirical, Ethical, and Conceptual Issues

Hall, G. C. N. (2001). Psychotherapy research with ethnic minorities: Empirical, ethical, and conceptual issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69(3), 502-510. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.69.3.502

 

Article Description: There is an increasing demand for psychotherapy among ethnic minority populations. Yet, there is not adequate evidence that empirically supported therapies (ESTs) are effective with ethnic minorities. Ethical guidelines suggest that psychotherapies be modified to become culturally appropriate for ethnic minority persons. Conceptual approaches have identified interdependence, spirituality, and discrimination as considerations for culturally sensitive therapy (CST). However, there is no more empirical support for the efficacy of CSTs than there is for the efficacy of ESTs with ethnic minority populations. The chasm between EST and CST research is a function of differences between methods and researchers in these 2 traditions. Specific recommendations for research collaboration between CST and EST researchers are offered.

Additional Info

  • Author Hall
  • Date 2001
  • Keywords diversity, multicultural competencies, counselor training
  • Journal Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Humanistic Psychology at York University: Retrospective: Focus on Clients’ Experiencing in Psychotherapy: Emphasis of Radical Reflexivity.

Rennie, D. L. (2010) Humanistic Psychology at York University: Retrospective: Focus on Clients’ Experiencing in Psychotherapy: Emphasis of Radical Reflexivity. The Humanistic Psychologist. 38: 40-56.

 

Article Description: Radical Reflexivity, awareness of our self-awareness, is demonstrated using qualitative research on client experiencing of therapy.

Additional Info

  • Author Rennie
  • Date 2010
  • Keywords psychotherapy
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

Oxytocin Selectively Improves Empathic Accuracy

Bartz, J. A., Zaki, J., Golger, N., Hollander, E., Ludwig, N. N., Kolevzon, A., & Ochsner, K.N. (2010) Oxytocin Selectively Improves Empathic Accuracy. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1426-1428.

 

Article Description: Authors randomly assign 27 men in two groups, experimental and placebo, to assess the effects of intranasal Oxytocin on empathic accuracy.

Additional Info

Complimentary Research Methods in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Case for Methodological Pluralism

Davis, J. (2009) Complementary Research Methods in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Case for Methodological Pluralism. The Humanistic Psychologist, 37: 4-23.

 

Article Description: This article reviews the underpinnings of Humanistic and Transpersonal Theories in psychological research methods, natural science and human science.

Additional Info

  • Author Davis
  • Date 2009
  • Keywords Research Methods, Transpersonal Psychology
  • Journal The Humanistic Psychologist

Psychotherapy: The Humanistic (and Effective) Treatment

Wampold, B. E. (2007). Psychotherapy: The humanistic (and effective) treatment. American Psychologist, 62(8), 857-873. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.62.8.857

 

Article Description: Common factors research.  Psychotherapy is compared with medicine and cultural healing practices to argue that critical aspects of psychotherapy involve human processes that are used in religious, spiritual, and cultural healing practices. A model of psychotherapy is presented that stipulates various aspects that involve uniquely human characteristics. Central to this model is patient acquisition of an adaptive explanation of his or her difficulties.

Additional Info

  • Author Wampold
  • Date 2007
  • Keywords Evidence-Based Practice, Psychotherapy Outcomes, Common Factors
  • Journal American Psychologist

How Magic Changes our Expectations about Autism

Kuhn, G., Kourkoulou, A., & Leekam, S.R. (2010) How Magic Changes our Expectations About Autism.  Psychological Science, 21(10), 1487-1493.

 

The vanishing ball illusion is used with comparison groups of individuals with Autism with typically developing individuals.  Authors explain how findings oppose their theory using data from eye tracking.

Additional Info

Gender in Lesbian Relationships: Cultural, feminist, and Constructivist Reflections

Laird, J. (2000). Gender in lesbian relationships: Cultural, feminist, and constructionist reflections. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 26(4), 455-67.

 

Article Description: Author reviews the literature on integrating lesbian culture into more traditional couples narratives and proposes a model for practice that merges feminist, constructivist, and narrative approaches.

Additional Info

  • Author Laird
  • Date 2000
  • Keywords Diversity, Feminism, LGBTQ
  • Journal Journal of Marital and Family Therapy

Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioural, Person-Centered, and Psychodynamic Therapies as Practiced in UK National Health Service Settings

Stiles, W. B., Barkham, M., Twigg, E., Mellor-Clark, J., & Cooper, M. (2006). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural, person-centred and psychodynamic therapies as practised in UK national health service settings. Psychological Medicine, 36(4), 555-66.

 

Article Description: Compared CBT, PCT, and Psychodynamic treatment.  All three treatment groups showed marked improvement.  There was a large overlap in score distribution between treatment types.  Outcome is consistent with previous literature comparing treatment approaches.

Additional Info

Persons or Science? A Philosophical Question

Rogers, C. R. (1955). Persons or science? A philosophical question. American Psychologist, 10(7), 267-278. doi:10.1037/h0040999

 

Article Description: Commentary on the struggle between therapist as scientist (or scientifically minded) and therapist as an empathic person.  Rogers bases his information from his own struggle to integrate the two concepts.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1955
  • Keywords Person Centered, Psychotherapy
  • Journal American Psychologist

The Concept of the Fully Functioning Person

Rogers, C. R. (1963). The concept of the fully functioning person. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 1(1), 17-26. doi:10.1037/h0088567

 

Article Description: From a humanistic perspective, answers the questions of: If we were as successful as therapists as we could wish to be, what sort of persons would have developed in our therapy? What is the hypothetical end-point, the ultimate, of the therapeutic process?

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1963
  • Keywords Person Centered, Psychotherapy, Psychotherapy Outcome
  • Journal Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice

Clientcentered Theory

Rogers, C. R. (1956). Clientcentered theory. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 3(2), 115-120. doi:10.1037/h0046548

 

Article Description: Case study of an antisocial patient from a client-centered approach.  In the application of client-centered therapy, Rogers discusses how his approach facilitates growth.

Additional Info

  • Author Rogers
  • Date 1956
  • Keywords Person Centered
  • Journal Journal of Counseling Psychology

Ethnic Group Preferences for Multicultural Counseling Competencies

Fraga, E. D., Atkinson, D. R., & Wampold, B. E. (2004). Ethnic group preferences for multicultural counseling competencies. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 10(1), 53-65. doi:10.1037/1099-9809.10.1.53

 

Article Description: Undergraduate students were surveyed using a paired-comparison format to determine preferences for the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 11 knowledges, and 11 skills identified by D. W. Sue, P. Arredondo, and R. J. McDavis (1992) as characteristics of the competent multicultural counselor.  Results indicated that preferences for 5 of the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 5 of the 11 knowledges, and 7 of the 11 skills competencies varied as a function of race/ethnicity.

Additional Info

  • Author Fraga Atkinson Wampold
  • Date 2004
  • Keywords diversity, multicultural competencies, counselor training
  • Journal Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology

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