Stiles, W. B., Barkham, M., Twigg, E., Mellor-Clark, J., & Cooper, M. (2006). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural, person-centred and psychodynamic therapies as practised in UK national health service settings. Psychological Medicine, 36(4), 555-66.
Article Description: Compared CBT, PCT, and Psychodynamic treatment. All three treatment groups showed marked improvement. There was a large overlap in score distribution between treatment types. Outcome is consistent with previous literature comparing treatment approaches.
Schug, J., Yuki, M., & Maddux, W. (2010) Relational mobility Explains Between- and Within-culture Differences in Self-Disclosure to Close Friends. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1471-1478.
Article Description: Authors explore predictors and mediators in social relationships that promote self-disclosure in Japan
Apfelbaum, E. P., Pauker, K., Sommers, S. R., & Amdady, N. (2010). In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality? Psychological Science, 21(11), 1587-1592.
Article Description: Researchers explain and expose the color-blind mindset to managing diversity to a sample of elementary-school students who were placed into 2 conditions (color-blind and value diversity).
Shechtman, Z., & Pastor, R. (2005). Cognitive-behavioral and humanistic group treatment for children with learning disabilities: A comparison of outcomes and process. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 322-336. doi:10.1037/0022-0184.108.40.2062
Article Description: The authors of this study examined the outcomes and processes of 2 types of group treatment— cognitive– behavioral treatment groups (CBTG) and humanistic group therapy. Results indicated that the addition of either type of group treatment to individual academic assistance was more effective than the latter alone on most measures. In fact, on the majority of measures, group treatment without academic assistance was more effective than just individual assistance. Finally, HGT was more effective than CBTG on most measures.
Erdwins, C., Buffardi, L., Casper, W., & O'Brien, A. (2001). The relationship of women's role strain to social support, role satisfaction, and self-efficacy. Family Relations, 50(3), 230-238.
Article Description: 129 married, employed women with at least one preschool-aged child reported on self efficacy, social support, role satisfaction, and role strain. Self-efficacy and parental roles were predictors of women’s work-family conflict and role overload, respectively. Spousal and supervisor support accounted for significant variation in work-life conflict as well.
Bartz, J. A., Zaki, J., Golger, N., Hollander, E., Ludwig, N. N., Kolevzon, A., & Ochsner, K.N. (2010) Oxytocin Selectively Improves Empathic Accuracy. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1426-1428.
Article Description: Authors randomly assign 27 men in two groups, experimental and placebo, to assess the effects of intranasal Oxytocin on empathic accuracy.
Wampold, B. E. (2007). Psychotherapy: The humanistic (and effective) treatment. American Psychologist, 62(8), 857-873. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.62.8.857
Article Description: Common factors research. Psychotherapy is compared with medicine and cultural healing practices to argue that critical aspects of psychotherapy involve human processes that are used in religious, spiritual, and cultural healing practices. A model of psychotherapy is presented that stipulates various aspects that involve uniquely human characteristics. Central to this model is patient acquisition of an adaptive explanation of his or her difficulties.
Rogers, C. M., Smith, M. D., & Coleman, J. M. (1978). Social comparison in the classroom: The relationship between academic achievement and self-concept. Journal of Educational Psychology, 70(1), 50-57. doi:10.1037/0022-06220.127.116.11
Article Description: One hypothesis derived from social comparison theory is that the relationship between academic achievement and self-concept can best be understood in terms of the child's achievement standing compared with that of classmates. When relative within-classroom achievement standing was not considered, reading achievement was not significantly related to self-concept, although mathematics achievement was. When relative within-classroom achievement standing was considered, both reading and math achievement were found to be significantly related to self-concept
Rogers, C. R. (1957). The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 21(2), 95-103. doi:10.1037/h0045357
Article Description: Seminal article in which Rogers describes his conditions of change that have become the tenets of person centered therapy/theory.
Elliott, R., Bohart, A. C., Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (2011). Empathy. Psychotherapy, 48(1), 43-49. doi:10.1037/a0022187
Article Description: Explores definition and measurement of empathy. Article also discusses empathy as it relates to psychotherapy outcome. Results suggest that empathy is a moderately strong predictor of psychotherapy outcome.
Van de Ven, N., Zeelenberg, M., & Pieters, R. (2010). Warding Off the Evil Eye: When the Fear of Being Envied Increases Prosocial Behavior. Psychological Science, 21(11), 1671-1677.
Article Description: In 3 experiments, with samples consisting of Dutch participants who were placed in either experimental or control groups, authors explore the idea that the “better off” act more prosocially as an appeasement strategy.
Carr, P. B., & Steele, C. M. (2010). Stereotype Threat Affects Financial Decision Making. Psychological Science, 21(10), 1411-1416.
Article Description: Authors review in this research report 3 studies that provide evidence that one’s decision-making can be influenced by concerns about stereotypes and the devaluation of one’s identity.
Rogers, C. R. (1956). Clientcentered theory. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 3(2), 115-120. doi:10.1037/h0046548
Article Description: Case study of an antisocial patient from a client-centered approach. In the application of client-centered therapy, Rogers discusses how his approach facilitates growth.
Rogers, C. R. (1955). Persons or science? A philosophical question. American Psychologist, 10(7), 267-278. doi:10.1037/h0040999
Article Description: Commentary on the struggle between therapist as scientist (or scientifically minded) and therapist as an empathic person. Rogers bases his information from his own struggle to integrate the two concepts.
Rogers, C. R. (1947). Some observations on the organization of personality. American Psychologist, 2(9), 358-368. doi:10.1037/h0060883
Article Description: Based on the notion that processes are better understood when they are directly observed, Rogers presents his observational material on personality.
Hall, G. C. N. (2001). Psychotherapy research with ethnic minorities: Empirical, ethical, and conceptual issues. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69(3), 502-510. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.69.3.502
Article Description: There is an increasing demand for psychotherapy among ethnic minority populations. Yet, there is not adequate evidence that empirically supported therapies (ESTs) are effective with ethnic minorities. Ethical guidelines suggest that psychotherapies be modified to become culturally appropriate for ethnic minority persons. Conceptual approaches have identified interdependence, spirituality, and discrimination as considerations for culturally sensitive therapy (CST). However, there is no more empirical support for the efficacy of CSTs than there is for the efficacy of ESTs with ethnic minority populations. The chasm between EST and CST research is a function of differences between methods and researchers in these 2 traditions. Specific recommendations for research collaboration between CST and EST researchers are offered.
Friedman, H. (2008) Humanistic and Positive Psychology: The Methodological and Epistemological Divide. Humanistic Psychologist, 36: 113-126.
Article Description: Author reviews methodological and epistemological similarities and differences between humanistic and positive psychology.